Lab Publications



Knotkova H, Bikson M, Nitsche M, Woods AJ. 2019. Practical Guide to Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Springer New York

Peer Reviewed

Albizu A, Fang R, Indahlastari A, O’Shea A, Stolte SE, See KB, Boutzoukas EM, Kraft JN, Nissim N, Woods AJ. Machine learning and individual variability in electric field characteristics predict tDCS treatment response. Brain Stimulation. Accepted October 2020

Borges H, Dufau A, Paneri B, Woods AJ, Knotkova J, Bikson M. Updated technique for reliable, easy and tolerated transcranial electrical stimulation including transcranial direct current stimulation. Journal of Visualized Experiments. Accepted August 2019.

Bikson M, Esmaeilpour Z, Adair D, Kronberg G, Tyler WJ, Antal A, Datta A, Sabel BA, Nitsche MA, Loo C, Edwards D, Ekhtiari H, Knotkova H, Woods AJ, Hampstead BM, Badran BW, Peterchev AV. Transcranial electrical stimulation nomenclature. Brain Stimulation. Accepted July 2019.

Im J, Jeong H, Bikson M, Woods AJ, Unal G, Oh J, Na S, Park J, Knotkova H, Song I, Cung Y. Effects of 6-month at-home transcranial direct current stimulation on cognition and cerebral glucose metabolism in Alzheimer’s disease. Brain Stimulation. Accepted June 2019.

Nissim N, Nissim N, O’Shea A, Indahlastari A, Telles R, Richards L, Porges E, Cohen R, Woods AJ. Effects of in-scanner bilateral frontal tDCS on functional connectivity of the working memory network in older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. Accepted February 2019.

Indahlastari A, Albizu A, Nissim N, Traeger K, O’Shea A, Woods AJMethods to monitor accurate and consistent electrode placements in conventional transcranial electrical stimulation. Brain Stimulation. Accepted October 2018.

Soyata A, Aksu S(&), Woods AJ, Iscen P, Sacar K, Karamursel S. Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation on decision making and cognitive flexibility in gambling disorder. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience.Accepted October 2018.

Gedoth N, Esmaeilpour Z, Adair D, Chelette K, Dmochowski D, Woods AJ, Kappenman E, Parra L, Bikson M. Inherent physiological artifacts in EEG during tDCS. NeuroImage. Accepted October 2018.

Ahn H, Suchting R, Woods AJ, Miao H, Green C, Cho R, Choi E, Fillingim R. Bayesian Analysis of the Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Experimental Pain Sensitivity in Older Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis: Randomized Sham-Controlled Pilot Clinical Study. Journal of Pain Research. Accepted August 2018.

Thomas C, Datta A, Woods AJ. Effect of aging on cortical current flow due to transcranial direct current stimulation: considerations for safety. IEEE:EMBC. Accepted April 2018.1-8.

Gomes-Osman J, Indahlastari A, Freid PJ, Rice J, Cabral D, Nissim N, Aksu S, McLaren M, Woods AJ. 2018. Non-invasive brain stimulation: probing intracortical circuits and improving cognition in the aging brain. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 10:177. 

Pope C, Stavrinos D, Vance D, Woods AJ, Bell T, Ball K, Fazeli P. 2018. A pilot investigation on the effects of combination transcranial direct current stimulation and speed of processing cognitive remediation therapy on simulated driving behavior in older adults with HIV. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behavior.58:1061-1073.

Woods AJ, Cohen R, Marsiske M, Alexander G, Czaja S, Wu S. 2018. Augmenting cognitive training in older adults (The ACT Study): Design and methods of a Phase III tDCS and cognitive training trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials. 65: 19-32

Bikson M, Brunoni AR, Charvet LE, Clark V, Cohen LG, Deng Z, Dmochowski J, Edwards D, Frohlich F, Kappenman E, Lim KO, Loo C, Mantovani A, McMullen D, Parra LC, Pearson M, Richardson JD, Rumsey JM, Pejman S, Sommers D, Unal G, Wassermann EM, Woods AJ, Lizanby H. 2018. Rigor and reproducibility in research with transcranial electrical stimulation: An NIMH-sponsored workshop. Brain Stimulation. 11(3): 465-480

McLaren M, Nissim N, Woods AJ. 2018. The effects of medication use in transcranial direct current stimulation: A brief review. Brain Stimulation. 11(1): 52-58

Bikson M, Adair D, Paneri B, Datta A, Mourdoukoutas A, Fang XH, Wingeier B, Chao D, Alonso-Alonso M, Lee K, Knotkova H, Woods AJ,Hagedorn D, Jeffery D, Giordano J, Tyler WJ. 2018. Limited output transcranial electrical stimulation (LOTES-2017): Engineering principles, regulatory statutes, and industry standards for wellness, over-the-counter, or prescription devices with low risk. Brain Stimulation. 11(1): 134-157

Ahn HC, Woods AJ,Kunik ME, Bhattacharjee A, Chen Z, Choi E, Fillingim R. 2017. Efficacy of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation over Primary Motor Cortex (anode) and Contralateral Supraorbital area (cathode) on Clinical Pain Severity and Mobility Performance in Persons with Knee Osteoarthritis: An experimenter- and participant-blinded, Randomized, Sham-controlled Pilot Clinical Study. Brain Stimulation.10(5): 902-909.

Fazeli P, Woods AJ, Pope CN, Vance D, Ball KK. 2017. The effect of transcranial direct current stimulation combined with cognitive training on cognitive functioning in older adults with HIV: a pilot study. Applied Neuropsychology Adult. 11: 1-12.

Bikson M, Grossman P, Zannou AL, Kronberg G, Truong D, Boggio P, Brunoni AR, Charvet L, Fregni F, Fritsch B, Gillick B, Hamilton RH, Hampstead BM, Kirton A, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Liu A, Loo C, Nitsche MA, Reis J, Richardson JD, Rotenberg A, Turkeltaub PE, Woods AJ. 2017. Response to Letter to the Editor: Safety of transcranial direct current stimulation: Evidence basedupdate 2016. Brain Stimulation.10(5): 986-987.

Szymkowicz SM, McLaren ME, Suryadevara U, Woods AJ.2016. The use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders: A brief review. Psychiatric Annals. 46(11): 642-646

Bikson M, Grossman P, Thomas C, Jiang J, Adnan T, Mourdoukoutas P, Kronberg G, Troung D, Boggio P, Brunoni A, Charvet L, Fregni F, Fritsch B, Gillick B, Hamilton R, Hampstead B, Jankford R, Kirton A, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Liu A, Loo C, Nitsche M, Richardson J, Rotenberg A, Turkeltaub P, Woods AJ.2016. Safety of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS): evidence based update 2016. Brain Stimulation.9(5): 641-661. 

Woods AJ, Antal A, Bikson M, Boggio PS, Brunoni AR, Celnik P, Cohen LG, Fregni F, Herrmann CS, Kappenman ES, Knotkova H, Liebetanz D, Miniussi C, Miranda PC, Paulus W, Priori A, Reato D, Stagg C, Wenderoth N, Nitsche MA.  2016. A technical guide to tDCS, and related non-invasive brain stimulation tools. Clinical Neurophysiology. 127(2): 1031-1048.

Woods AJ, Bryant V, Sacchetti D, Gervits F, Hamilton R.  2015. Effects of electrode drift in transcranial direct current stimulation. Brain Stimulation. 8(3): 515-519.

Woods AJ, Hamilton RH, Kranjec A, Bikson M, Minhaus P, Yu J, Chatterjee A.  2014. Space, time, and causality in the human brain. NeuroImage. 92: 285-297.

Kessler S, Minhas P, Woods AJ, Rosen A, Bikson M.  2013. Dosage considerations for transcranial direct current stimulation in children: a computational modeling study. PLoS ONE. 8(9): e76112.

Minhas P, Bikson M, Woods AJ, Rosen AR, Kessler SK. 2012. Transcranial direct current stimulation in the pediatric versus adult brain: A computational modeling study. IEEE:EMBC. 2012: 859-862.

Mennemeier MS, Triggs W, Chelette KC, Woods AJ, Kimbrell T, Dornhoffer J.  2009. Sham transcranial magnetic stimulation using electrical stimulation of the scalp. Brain Stimulation. 2(3): 168-173.

Woods AJ, Philbeck JW, Wirtz P.  2013. Hyper-arousal decreases human visual thresholds. PLoS ONE. 8(4): e61415. J

Woods AJ, Mennemeier MS, Garcia-Rill E, Huitt T, Chelette KC, McCullough G, Munn T, Brown G, Kiser TS. 2012. Improvement in arousal, visual neglect, and perception of stimulus intensity following cold pressor stimulation. Neurocase. 18(2): 115-122. 

Woods AJ, Philbeck JW, Chelette KC, Skinner RD, Garcia-Rill E, Mennemeier M. 2011. Cold pressor stimulation diminishes P50 amplitude in normal subjects.  Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis.71(3): 348-358.


Brain Aging & Cognition

Peer Reviewed

Hardcastle C, O’Shea A, Kraft JN, Albizu A, Evangelista ND, Hausman HK, Boutzoukas EM, Van Etten E, Bharadwaj PK, Song H, Smith SG, Porges E, DeKosky S, Hishaw GA, Wu SS, Marsiske M, Cohen R, Alexander G, Woods AJ. Contributions of Hippocampal Volume to Cognition in Healthy Older Adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. Accepted October 2020.

Clark BC, Woods AJ, Clark LA, Criss C, Shadmehr R, Grooms DR. The aging brain & the dorsal basal ganglia: Implications to motor function & mobility. Advances in Geriatric Medicine and Research. Accepted August 2019.

Cohen R, Lyon D, Gullett J, Starkweather A, Porges E, Woods AJ, Jackson-Cook C, Lynch-Kelly D. Cytokine-associated fatigue prior to, during and post-chemotherapy for breast cancer. Journal of Neuroimmunology. Accepted June 2019.

Fernando H, Cohen R, Friedman J, Gullett J(p), Friedman J, Ayzengart A, Porges E, Woods AJ, Gunstad J, Ochoa C, Cusi K, Gonzalez-Louis R, Donahoo W. Neurocognitive deficits in a Class II and Class III obesity cohort: contributions of type-2 diabetes and other medical comorbidities. ObesityAccepted April 2019.

Mikkelsen M, Rimbault D, Barker P, Bhattacharyya P, Brix M, Buur P, Cecil K, Chan K Chen D, Craven A, Cuypers K, Dacko M, Duncan N, Dydak U, Edmondson D, Ende G, Ersland L, Forbes M, Gao F, Greenhouse I, Harris A, He N, Heba S, Hoggard N, Hsu T, Jansen J, Kangarlu A, Lange T, Lebel M, Li Y, Lin C, Liou J, Lirng J, Liu f, Long J, Ma R, Maes C, Moreno-Ortega M, Murray S, Noah S, Noeske R, Noseworthy M, Oeltzschner G, Porges E, Prisciandaro J, Puts N, Roberts T, Sack M, Sailasuta N, Saleh M, Schallmo M, Simard N, Stoffers D, Swinnen S, Tegenthoff M, Truong P, Wang G, Wilkinson I, Wittsack H, Woods AJ, Xu H, Yan F, Zhang C, Zipunnikov V, Zöllner H, Edden R. Big GABA II: Water-Referenced Edited MR Spectroscopy at 25 Research Sites. Neuroimage. Accepted February 2019.

Cruz-Almeida Y, Fillingim R, Riley J, Woods AJ, Porges E, Cohen R, Cole J. Chronic pain is associated with a brain aging biomarker in community-dwelling older adults. Pain. Accepted December 2018. 

Cohen R, Gullet J, Porges E, Woods AJ, Bryant V, Mcadams M, Tashima K, Cook R, Bryant K, Monnig M, Kahler C, Monti P. Heavy alcohol use and age effects on HIV-associated neurocognitive function. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Accepted October 2018.

O’Shea D, Langer K, Woods AJ, Porges E, Williamson J, O’Shea A, Cohen R. Educational attainment moderates the association between hippocampal volumes and memory performance in healthy older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. Accepted October 2018.

Wanigatunga A, Gill T, Marsh A, Hsu F, Yaghjyan L, Woods AJ, Glynn N, King A, Newton R, Fielding R, Pahor M, Manini T. Effect of hospitalizations on physical activity patterns in mobility-limited older adults. Journal of the American Geriatric Society. Accepted September 2018.

O’Shea D, Fieo R, Woods AJ, Williamson J, Porges EC, Cohen R. 2018. Discrepancies between crystallized and fluid ability are associated with frequency of social and physical engagement in community dwelling adults. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 23:1-8.

Mankowski R, Leeuwenbergh C, Manini T, Woods AJ, Anton SD. 2018. Effects of fermented papaya preparation (FPP) on safety outcomes in older adults – A short report of a placebo-controlled clinical trial. Journal of Frailty & Aging. 7(2): 142-146.

Gullett J, Lamb D, Porges E, Woods AJ, Rieke J, Thompson P, Jahanshad N, Nir T, Tashima K, Cohen R. 2018. The impact of alcohol use on frontal white matter in HIV. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 42(9):164-1649.

Cohen R, Siegel S, Porges E, Tashima K, Woods AJ, Ding MZ. 2018. Neural response to working memory demand predicts neurocognitive deficits in HIV. Journal of NeuroVirology. 24:291-304. 

Szymkowicz SM, Dotson VM, McLaren M, De Witt L, O’Shea D, Talty FT, O’Shea A, Porges EC, Cohen RA, Woods AJ.2017. Precuneus abnormalities in middle-aged to older adults with depressive symptoms: An analysis of BDI-II symptom dimensions. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 268: 9-14.

Rani A, O’Shea A, Ianov L, Cohen R, Woods AJ, Foster TC. 2017. miRNA in circulating microvesicles as biomarkers for age-related cognitive decline. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 9: 323.

Porges EC, Woods AJ, Lamb DG, Williamson JB, Cohen R, Edden RA, Harris A. 2017. Impact of tissue correction strategy on GABA-Edited MRS findings. NeuroImage. 162: 249-256.

Porges EC, Woods AJ, Edden R, Harris A, Chen H, Garcia A, Lamb D, Williamson JW, Cohen RA. 2017. Frontal GABA concentrations are associated with cognitive performance in older adults. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. 2: 38-44.

Nissim N, O’Shea A, Bryant V, Porges E, Cohen R, Woods AJ.2017. Frontal structural neural correlates of working memory performance in older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 8: 328.

Seider T, Fieo R, O’Shea A, Porges EC, Woods AJ,Cohen RA. 2016. Cognitively engaging activity is associated with greater cortical and subcortical volume. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 8: 94.

O’Shea A, Cohen RA, Porges EC, Nissim N, Woods AJ.2016. Cognitive aging and the hippocampus in older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 8: 289.

Woods AJ, Porges EC, Bryant V, Seider T, Gongvatana A, Kahler CW, de la Monte S, Monti PM, Cohen RA. 2016. Current heavy alcohol consumption is associated with greater cognitive impairment in older adults. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 40: 2435-2444.

Chen H, Zhao B, Cao G, Porges EC, O’Shea A, Woods AJ, Cohen R. 2016. Statistical approaches for the study of cognitive and brain aging. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 8: 176.

Dotson VM, Szymkowicz SM, Sozda CN, Kirton JW, Green ML, O’Shea A, McLaren ME, Anton SD, Manini TM, Woods AJ.  2016. Age differences in prefrontal surface area and thickness in middle aged to older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 7: 250.

Seider TR, Gongvatana A, Woods AJ, Chen H, Porges EC, Cummings T, Correia S, Tashima K, Cohen RA. 2015. Age exacerbates HIV-associated white matter abnormalities. Journal of Neurovirology. 22(2): 201-212.

Anton S, Woods AJ, Ashizawa T, Barb D, Buford T, Carter C, Clark D, Cohen R, Corbett D, Cruz-Almeida Y, Dotson V, Ebner N, Efron P, Fillingim R, Foster T, Gundermann D, Joseph A, Karabetian C, Leeuwenburgh C, Manini T, Mariske M, Mankowski R, Mutchie H, Perri M, Ranka S, Rashidi P, Sandesara B, Scarpace P, Sibille K, Solberg L, Someya S, Uphold C, Wohlgermuth S, Wu S, Pahor M. 2015. Successful aging: Advancing the science of physical independence in older adults. Aging Research Reviews. 24(Pt B): 304-27.

Woods AJ, Cohen RA, Pahor M.  2013. Cognitive Frailty: Frontiers and Challenges. Journal of Nutrition, Health, and Aging. 17(9): 741-743.

Woods AJ, Goksun T, Chatterjee A, Zelonis S, Mehet A, Smith S.  2013. The development of organized visual search. Acta Psychologica.143(2): 191-199.

Goksun T, Woods AJ, Chatterjee A, Zelonis S, Glass L, Smith SE.  2013. Elementary school children’s attentional biases in physical and numerical space. European Journal of Developmental Psychology.10(4): 433-448.

Woods AJ, Mark VW, Pitts A, Mennemeier M. 2011. Pervasive cognitive impairment in acute rehabilitation patients “without” brain injury. PM & R: the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation.3(5): 426-432.

Mark VW, Woods AJ, Mennemeier M, Abbas S, Taub E.  2006. Cognitive assessment for CI therapy in the outpatient clinic. Neurorehabilitation. 21(2): 139-146.

Woods AJ, Mennemeier M, Garcia-Rill E, Meythaler J, Mark VW, Jewell GR, Murphy H.  2006. Bias in magnitude estimation following left hemisphere injury.  Neuropsychologia. 44(8): 1406-1412.

Taylor-Cooke PA, Ricci R, Banos JH, Zhou X, Woods AJ, Mennemeier MS.  2006. Perception of motor strength and stimulus magnitude are correlated in stroke patients. Neurology. 66(9): 1444-1446.

Mennemeier M, Pierce C, Dowler R, Chatterjee A, Anderson B, Jewell G, Woods AJ, Mark VW.  2005. Biases in attentional orientation and magnitude estimation explain crossover: neglect is a disorder of both. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 17(18): 1194-1211.

Mark VW, Oberhue AM, Henderson C, Woods AJ.  2005. Ballism after stroke responds to standard physical therapeutic interventions. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 86(6): 1226-1233.

Mark VW, Woods AJ, Ball KK, Roth DL, Mennemeier M.  2004. Disorganized search is not a consequence of neglect. Neurology. 63(1): 78-84. 


Brain Aging & Depression

Peer Reviewed

O’Shea D, Dotson V, Woods AJ, Porges E, Williamson J, O’Shea A, Cohen R. 2018. Depressive symptom dimensions and their association with hippocampal and entorhinal cortex volumes in community dwelling older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 10:40. 

Szymkowicz SM, Woods AJ, Dotson V, Porges EC, Nissim N, O’Shea A, Cohen R, Ebner N. Associations between subclinical depressive symptoms and reduced brain volume in middle-aged to older adults. Aging and Mental Health.1-10. Accepted January 2017

Szymkowicz SM, McLaren ME, O’Shea A, Woods AJ, Anton S, Dotson V. 2017. Depressive symptoms modify age effects on hippocampal subfields. Geriatrics and Gerontology International. 17(10): 1494-1500

McLaren ME, Szymkowicz SM, O’Shea A, Woods AJ, Anton S, Dotson VM.2016. Vertex-wise Examination of Symptom Dimensions of Subthreshold Depression and Brain Volumes. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. 260: 70-75.

Szymkowicz SM, McLaren ME, Kirton JW, O’Shea A, Woods AJ, Manini TM, Anton SD, Dotson VM. 2016. Depressive symptom severity is associated with increased cortical thickness in older adults. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 31(4): 325-333.

McLaren ME, Szymkowicz SM, O’Shea A, Woods AJ, Anton SD, Manini TM, Dotson VM.  2016. Dimensions of depressive symptoms and cingulate volumes in older adults. Translational Psychiatry. 6(4):e788.


Cognition, Perception, & Brain: General

Peer Reviewed

Monnig M, Woods AJ, Walsh E, Martone C, Blumenthal J, Monti P, Cohen R. Cerebral metabolites on the descending limb of acute alcohol: a preliminary 1H MRS study. Alcohol and Alcoholism. Accepted June 2019.

Kranjec A, Lehet M, Woods AJ, Chatterjee A. Time is not more abstract than space in sound. Frontiers in Psychology. Accepted January 2019. 

White TL, Monnig MA, Walsh EG, Nitenson AZ, Harris AD, Cohen RA, Porges EC, Woods AJ, Lamb D, Boyd C, Fekir S. 2018. Psychostimulant drug effects on glutamate, Glx, and creatine in the anterior cingulate cortex and subjective response in healthy humans. Neuropsychopharmacology.43(7): 1498-1509.

Piedimonte A, Woods AJ, Chatterjee A. 2015. Disambiguating ambiguous motion perception: what are the cues? Frontiers in Psychology. 6: 902.

Woods AJ, Kranjec A, Lehet M, Chatterjee A. 2015. Expertise and decision-making in American football. Frontiers in Psychology.6: 994.

Yamamoto N, Philbeck JW, Woods AJ, Gajewski D, Chichka D, Potollichio S, Caputy A.  2014. Medial temporal lobe role for trajectory prediction in human path integration. PLoS ONE. 9(5): e96583.

Woods AJ, Lehet M, Chatterjee A. 2012. Context modulates the contribution of time and space in causal inference. Frontiers in Psychology.3: 371. J

Amorapanth P, Kranjec A, Bromberger B, Lehet M, Widick P, Woods AJ, Kimberg DY, Chatterjee A. 2012. Language, perception, and the schematic representation of spatial relations. Brain & Language. 120(3): 226-236.

Philbeck JW, Woods AJ, Kontra C, Zdenkova P. 2010. A comparison of blindpulling to blindwalking as measures of perceived absolute distance. Behavioral Research Methods. 42(1): 148-160.

Woods AJ, Philbeck JW, Danoff J. 2009. The various “perceptions” of distance: an alternative view of how effort affects distance judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance. 35(4): 1104-1117.

Philbeck JW, Woods AJ, Arthur J, Todd J.  2008. Progressive locomotor recalibration during blind walking. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. 70(8): 1459-1470.

Woods AJ, Mark VW. 2007. Convergent validity of executive organization measures on cancellation. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 29(7): 719-723.